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South Dakota’s Gap Group



The Gap Group is an aggregate count of student subgroups in the state that have historically experienced achievement gaps. The South Dakota Department of Education analyzed three years of state assessment data to determine the composition of the Gap Group, which includes the following subgroups: Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Hispanic/Latino, Economically Disadvantaged, Students with Disabilities, Limited English Proficient.

The Non-Gap Group includes students in the remaining subgroups used for accountability purposes: White/Caucasian; Asian; Native Hawaiian-Pacific Islander; 2 or More Races.

Use of a Gap and Non-Gap Group for the Student Achievement calculation results in an unduplicated count of students. Unlike the old accountability system in which a single student could be counted multiple times, the new system counts each student once – in either the Gap or Non-Gap Group – but not more than once.

Example: Unduplicated Count
• Addy -- Special Education and Economically Disadvantaged subgroups. Scores Proficient.
• Marcus – Limited English Proficient and Economically Disadvantaged subgroups. Scores Basic.
• Cheyenne – Native American. Scores Advanced.

Based on the above, an unduplicated count would show three total students with two of the students (Addy and Cheyenne), or 66.66 percent, counting as proficient or advanced in the Gap Group.

Using an aggregated gap group also allows more students to be included in the accountability system. The system uses an N-size of 10. By using an N of 10 and the aggregate of subgroups that have historically experienced achievement gaps, almost every school in the state will have a focus on those groups of students who have traditionally experienced the largest achievement gaps. Data for individual subgroups of students is still disaggregated and reported.



CONTACT: Contact the Office of Assessment and Accountability Staff.

















































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